Caribou  
Maps:              
USGS 7.5' Map: Ward, Nederland
Statistics:
Difficulty: Number: Miles: Altitude: Obstacles: Time:
Moderate 5 FR505.1,
Cnty116J, Cnty128J
14.00 8,641 to 10,200 ft. Mud - 3
Water - 1
2 hours
County: Boulder
Adopted by: Hillbillies 4WD Club duort@msn.com 303-466-7915
Managed by: Arapaho/Roosevelt National Forest,
Boulder Ranger District
2140 Yarmouth St., Boulder, CO 80301 (303)444-6600
Summary: The Caribou 4WD road connects Eldora, CO. to county road 116 near Rainbow Lakes. The road runs through the old Windy Gap proposed reservoir site and the ghost town of Caribou. It runs the eastern side of the Indian Peaks Wilderness.
Attractions: Ghost Town, Scenery, Wilderness access.
Seasonal
Closure:
Agency - December 1 to June 14
Best Time: June - Poor, snow may be melted out late in a dryer winter.
July - Good, snow may not be melted out in a wetter winter.
August - Best
September - Best
October - May get early snow.
Summer
Activities:
Hiking -

Equestrian -

Mountain Bike -
Caribou, FR505.1
ATV -
Caribou, FR505.1
Motorcycle -
Caribou, FR505.1
Camping: Their are designated dispersed campsites along the Caribou 4WD road. These are the only camp sites allowed.
Base Camp: Not a great area to base camp. Most of the other local 4WD roads are not linked to Caribou.
Fall Colors: Poor - There are few Aspen trees, mostly by the creek.
Winter
Activities:
Snowshoeing -

Cross Country Skiing-

Snowmobile -

Navigation: To start at the north end of Caribou, from Boulder, CO. head west on Canyon Blvd toward 26th Street for 2.0 miles. Continue onto CO-119/Boulder Canyon Drive for 15.1 miles. At the traffic circle, take the 2nd exit onto West 2nd Street and go 0.3 miles. Continue to follow CO-72 West for 6.8 miles. Turn left onto County Rd 116 and go 4.2 miles. Turn left onto Caribou 4WD road, FR505.1.

To start at the south end of Caribou, from Boulder, CO. on Canyon Blvd toward 26th Street for 2.0 miles. Continue onto CO-119/Boulder Canyon Drive for 15.1 miles. At the traffic circle, take the 3rd exit onto N Bridge Street and to 0.3 miles. Continue to follow CO-119 for 0.4 miles. Turn right onto Eldora Rd and go 1.4 miles. Keep right to continue on Eldora Rd/Eldorado Rd. Continue to follow Eldora Rd for 1.7 miles. Slight right onto Huron Ave and go 0.1 miles. Take the 2nd right onto 5th Street and go 180 feet. Turn right onto Washington Ave and go 151 feet. Take the 1st left onto the Caribou 4WD road, FR505.1.
History: The discovery of Silver ore at Caribou is credited to Samuel Conger, William J. Martin, and George Lytle. In July of 1869 Samuel Conger and another man returned to Black Hawk from a hunting trip near the south side of Arapaho Peak with some minerals they had found. They showed them to William Martin and George Lytle. William Martin recognized the minerals as being similar to the ore he had seen while working at the Comstock Mine in Nevada. George Lytle also has experience mining in the Caribou Mountains in Alberta, Canada. Lytle and Martin set out to find the outcropping based on Samuel's description with the understanding that they would share the claim. In August they headed from Black Hawk to Dayton (later known as Nederland) with an ox drawn cart. It took Martin and Lytle six days to reach the meadow at 10,000 feet with the round treeless hill to the south, the land mark Conger had told them about. They soon found the outcropping and each dug a prospect hole filling a canvas sack with ore. The area reminded Lytle of the mountain in Canada and he suggested Martin call his claim Caribou. He named his Poor Man.

When they returned they filed their claims in their names and their partners names. The two mines were developed for the rest of the year and into 1870. The first ore from the mines was shipped to New Jersey and brought $400 a ton. With this success a primitive road was made up Coon Creek called the Coon Trail which follows a natural drainage from Caribou to Cardinal to Dayton. Ore shipments now went down to Dayton and then to Black Hawk to the Boston & Colorado Smelter. Once the news of the strike got out there was a stampede and hundreds of claims were filed by the end of 1870. Caribou sprang up in the high meadow and a town plat was filed in September of 1870. By now over 400 people lived at Caribou and by 1872 there were over a hundred houses, the three story Sherman House Hotel, and an array of businesses. There was a bakery, brewery, meat market, grocery stores, a billards parlor, several saloons, and three hotels. The cemetary was placed north of town, a Methodists Church was built, as well as a school.
Caribou, 1873

photo:
William H Jackson (Colorado Historical Society)

Caribou School House. Poles brace against the high winds

photo:
Denver Public Library, Western History Dept.

The Caribou lode was sold to Abel Breed of Cincinnati, Ohio, with Martin retained as its superintendent. In 1871 a mill was constructed in Dayton saving the transportation costs to Black Hawk. In 1873 the Caribou was sold to the Mining Company of Nederland, Holland, which poorly managed the mine allowing it to bought at a sheriff's sale by Jerome Chaffee in 1876. By 1879 the Caribou had its biggest year with shipments over $1 million in silver.

Two stagecoach routes served the town, one from Boulder and the other from Central City. With the orientation of North and South Arapaho Peaks the winds were fierce and winter snows made for some harsh blizzards. A rope was tied to a point in the center of town and the other end secured at the Caribou Mine so that the miners could get home during the winter blizzards. Braces were used on the school house to protect it from the winds. Because of the hard winters school started on the frist of May and ran through the first of November.
Caribou, 1920, Potosi Mine Boarding House

photo:
Denver Public Library, Western History Dept.

With the silver crash of 1893 Caribou continued on, but it slowly became abandoded. The Post Office which opened in 1871 finally closed in 1917.
Caribou's Sherman House Hotel, after the town was abandonded

photo:
Colorado Historical Society


Jessen, Kenneth Ghost Towns Colorado Style, Volumn 1, 1st ed. Loveland, Colorado: J.V. Publications, 1998. Print.
Description:
The Caribou 4WD road, starting from the north end, runs past the old Windy Gap dam site and along Caribou Creek. It passes the old Peat mining area (look for the old crane) to the west and then passes through the ghost town of Caribou. The road continues up around Caribou and crosses the ridge between Klondike Mountain and Mineral Mountain, crossing over Mineral Mountain and Eldora Mountain, and then drops down to Eldora over some narrow switchbacks.

This description starts the Caribou 4WD road off of County Road 116J just before reaching Rainbow Lakes Campground on the edge of the Indian Peaks Wilderness. The road will drop down to a valley with old beaver dams and a wide marshy area. This was once going to be a reservoir. The road will head east and follow the edge of the valley to a crossing of Caribou Creek. This is the site of the Windy Gap Dam, which was never built. After crossing the creek you will drive through a few mud holes, if your early in the season, some will be dry if your later in the season, and follow along the other side of the meadow. Stay on the road. Don't drive in the marsh area or into the creek.
Caribou 4WD road along meadow

photo by:
Adam M

Caribou 4WD road mud hole

photo by:
Adam M

As you enter the forest the road will become a bit narrower. You will have to navigate a narrow section near a large boulder and cross a few rocky bottomed mud holes. You will come out of the forest to a more open area and continue to follow the creek. You will come to an intersection to the right with FR116J.1 and 505.2A that go a half mile to some mine tailings. Stay to the left to continue on the Caribou 4WD road. The road will climb up away from the creek and pass the wide peat bog area on the west side of the road (look for the crane). Just past the peat bog you will come to the seasonal gate and parking lot at the Caribou town site.
Potosi Mine boarding house

photo by:
Adam M

Potosi Mine boarding house

photo by:
Adam M

The Caribou 4WD road continues from here by going up hill to the west out of the parking area. I have driven this section to Eldora many years ago, but have not recently so I don't want to venture a description as Travel Planning has changed this section over the years.
Data updated - December 28, 2014        4WD Road driven - July 20, 2014        Copyright 4X4Explore.com - 2000-2015